Registan
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The Registan was the heart of the ancient Samarkand. The name means "Sandy place". The ensemble of three madrasahs is a unique example of town-planning art a remarkable pattern of the architectural design of the main town square (see picture 1). Note: All pictures can be enlarged.
Three madrasahs of the Registan are: Ulugbek Madrasah (1417-1420), the Sher-Dor Madrasah (1619-1636) and the Tilya-Kori Madrasah (1646-1660). Madrasah is a medieval Moslem clergy academy.

The Ulugbek Madrasah (see picture 2) has its imposing portal with lancet arch facing the square. The corners are flanked by the high well-proportioned minarets. Mosaic panel over the entrance arch is decorated by geometrical stylized ornaments. The square-shaped courtyard includes a mosque, lecture rooms and is fringed by the dormitory cells in which students lived. There are deep galleries along the axes. Originally the Ulugbek Madrasah was a two-storied building with four domed darskhonas (lecture room) at the corners. The madrasah was one of the best clergy universities of the whole Moslem Orient of the 15th century. Abdurakhman Djami, a prominent poet, scientist and philosopher studied there. Ulugbek himself gave lectures there. During Ulugbek's government the Madrasah was a centre of secular science.

In the 17th century the ruler of Samarkand Yalangtush Bakhodur ordered the construction of the Sher-Dor and Tillya-Kori madrasahs. The Sher-Dor (Having Tigers) Madrasah (see pictures 3, 4) was designed by architect Abdujabor. The decoration of the madrasah is not as refined as that on the 15th century - "golden age" of Samarkand architecture. Anyway, the harmony of large and small rooms, exquisite mosaic decor, monumentality and efficient symmetry - all these put the structure among the best architectural monuments of Samarkand.

Ten years later the Tillya-Kori Madrasah was built (see picture 5), the name means "Gilded". It was not only the place of training students, but also it played the role of grand mosque. It has two-storied main facade, vast courtyard fringed by dormitory cells with four galleries along axes. Mosque building (see picture 6) is situated in the western section of the courtyard. The main hall of the mosque is abundantly gilded.

The Registan Ensemble is a wonderful combination of the structures built at different times. Extensive restoration works are in the process.

To the east of Tillya-Kori Madrasah the mausoleum of Shaybanids, 15 c., is located (see picture 8). The real founder of Shaybanid power was Muhammad Shaybani - grandson of Abu'l Khair. In 1500, with the backing of the Chaghataite Khanate, then based in Tashkent (Uzbekistan), Muhammad Shaybani has conquered Samarkand and Bukhara from their last Timurid rulers. The founder of the dynasty then turned on his benefactors and in 1503 took Tashkent. He captured Khiva in 1506 and in 1507 he swooped down on Merv (Turkmenistan), eastern Persia, and western Afghanistan. The Shaybanids stopped the advance of the Safavids, who in 1502 had defeated the Akkoyunlu (Iran). Muhammad Shaybani was a leader of nomadic Uzbeks. During the ensuing years they substantially settled down in oases of Central Asia. The Uzbek invasion of 15 c. was the last component of the today's Uzbek nation ethnogeny.

Registan - Mausoleum of Shaybanids       Registan - Chorsu

Straight behind Sher-Dor the ancient trading dome Chorsu is situated
(see picture 9). Now it is well restored.


Registan of Samarkand

Registan - Ulugbek Madrasah

Registan - Sher-Dor

Registan

Registan - Tillya-Kori

Tillya-Kori Mosque

Tillya-Kori
 

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Samarkand tourist attractions:

- The museum of formation of Samarkand on Afrosiab
- Ensemble of Registan
- Gur-Emir Mausoleum
- Shakh-i-Zinda Ensemble
- Bibi-Khonym Mosque
- Khazrat-Khizr Mosque
- The Mausoleum of Khodja Doniyor (Prophet Daniel)
- The observatory and memorial museum of Ulugbek
- Khodja Zuemurod Mosque
- The Mausoleum of Bibi-Khonym
- Kok Mosque
- Chorsu ancient trading dome
- The Mausoleum of Abu Mansur Matridiy
- Rukhobod Mausoleum
- Aksaray Mausoleum
- Khodja-Nisbatdor Mosque
- The Mausoleum of Khodja Abdu Darun
- Ishrat-Khana (Ishrathona)
- Namazgokh Mosque
- Ruins of Kok Saray, former Palace Of Timur.

- Samarkand hotels
- E-Map

Nearest Hotels:
 - Zarina
 - Bahodir
 - Furkat
 - Afrosiab

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